By John Tucker
1st Capital Loans LLC
I recently polled GS Online's MLS Forum about my thoughts on phasing out old, outdated merchant level salesperson (MLS) approaches and rebranding to meet the demands of today's markets, which is the overall theme of Street SmartsSM during my tenure as the column's author.
First, I'll revisit my supposition regarding the need for MLS rebranding. From the 1980s to the early 2000s, ISOs could hire from hundreds to thousands of MLSs on 100 percent commission, throw them a couple terminal brochures, show them how to do a rate analysis, and give them a canned sales script coupled with 50 unrealistic objections to said canned script, and send them out to randomly cold call merchants in person or by phone.
This strategy no longer works due to three circumstances that existed previously that are no longer present today:
Thus, the old strategy is dead today, and any ISO still promoting it is setting its MLSs up for failure. However, not everyone agrees with me.
Ted Kulongoski, the 36th Governor of Oregon, said, "A debate is healthy and no one in this chamber, starting with me, has a monopoly on being right." Surely, I have no monopoly on being right. I am grateful to have been selected to pen Street SmartsSM, one of the most respected educational columns in our industry.
One of the reasons I wanted to "quarterback" this column was because I felt the need to address topics related to MLSs that were not being discussed by our industry's media. And I am delighted that MLS Forum members are helping me move this spirited discussion along.
"Sales is not for everyone," MLS Forum member Steve Norell wrote. "Someone has to be a lawyer, doctor or garbage man. It is said time after time that the great salespeople are born, not made. Every successful salesperson believes that they can sell anyone, anyplace or anytime. That is what makes them great. That is why to a great salesperson there is no such thing as a cold call, even when it is [a cold call] by definition."
Forum member Dhessco offered a similar perspective. "I still believe that I could be dropped off in any town in the country and close a deal. Period," Dhessco wrote. "Not being arrogant, it's simply fact. For anyone that has been on the street selling should be able to do the same thing. Obviously not 'anyone' can do it."
Steve and Dhessco's perspectives are based on the notion that a good salesman is mostly born with the ability to sell no matter what circumstances or business variables are present. However, this means, quite frankly, that the following do not matter because a good salesperson will succeed because of his or her innate abilities: having to sell into bad markets or territories; follow up on bad leads; sell solutions that don't compete on price, quality or value; sell into over-saturated markets; and sell in markets where no demand for your product or service exists.
And following this line of thinking, the old way of selling would still be viable for MLSs. But this doesn't make sense. We aren't selling low dollar/low risk products, such as Girl Scout cookies or tickets to a movie involving costs from $5 to $20 (low dollar), and if the product is horrible, the buyer only loses $5 to $20 (low risk). We are talking high dollar/high risk products, such as merchant cash advances (MCAs), for which you need to have certain circumstances and business variables present before a merchant will even consider said product.
For example, 95 percent of my merchant customers who entertained an MCA had lower than a 680 credit score, with 15 percent under 500, 50 percent between 520 and 575, and 30 percent between 600 and 680. Based on national credit score metrics, anything less than 670 is poor credit; scores under 580 are considered very poor credit. Add to this the fact that the merchants were disorganized and had less than stellar cash flows or financials.
Unable to get approved from the traditional market, when a working capital need arose (such as an emergency or growth opportunity) such merchants had to seek an alternative product with a short "turn" and a high cost. My innate sales abilities didn't create this. What created it were merchants without credit/risk profiles solid enough to qualify for traditional products who needed a working capital infusion for their businesses. Being equipped with this information allowed me to tailor my marketing to those most likely to entertain my MCA. This is a far cry from the inefficient "random" cold calling methods that are promoted by far too many within our industry.
"What has always been so great about this business is the idea you can take any path you wish," Dhessco stated. "Some companies just decide to stick with one. Let's say I wanted my company Processing Solutions to only handle antique stores. I would create a point of sale software, integrate the payments, learn the pain points/current processes of said antique stores, and thus have created a solution geared toward this vertical.
"My employee sales reps would call upon antique stores, easing their pain with our wonderful POS. My company would essentially 'manufacture' a modern MLS according to your definition. The problem is that I only need to pay this manufactured sales agent enough to live modestly, such as pay rent, health insurance, student loan, Prius note, etc. … If I'm going to provide data, market research and all the tools to identify potential merchants, they are going to be hourly or salary employees tasked with defined duties."
This might be the only true solution to today's more complex marketplace, which requires more technical and analytical sales professionals. Maybe it's time we start backing away from the "recruit as many external (independent contractor) MLSs and see who sticks" model and more to the hiring of technical/analytical professionals on a W-2 basis, meaning they would be employees.
ISOs need to do more to equip their agents (whether they are employees or independent contractors) with the tools and resources that will allow them to succeed. These include information on complex issues; innovative solutions; market segmentation; market research; innovative marketing; strategic networks; and training on how to sit down and have a diagnostic, consultative conversation with a merchant by asking a series of tailored questions.
Maybe it's time for more hiring of technical/analytical employees, equipped with the tools/resources listed above, and to phase out the independent MLS contractor. This discussion along with my focus on rebranding the MLS will continue.
John Tucker is Managing Member of 1st Capital Loans LLC, as well as an M.B.A. graduate and holder of three bachelor's degrees in accounting, business management and journalism. Tucker also has over nine years of professional experience in commercial finance and business development. You can contact him by email at firstname.lastname@example.org or by telephone at 586-480-2140.
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