The Green Sheet Online Edition
January 14, 2013 • Issue 13:01:01
VeriFone says micro-merchant acquiring unprofitable
VeriFone Inc. is shifting its mobile payment strategy, Doug Bergeron, the company's Chief Executive Officer, said in a Dec. 13, 2012, conference call held to discuss his company's fourth quarter earnings report. Hereafter, VeriFone will no longer compete directly to acquire micro-merchants and will distribute its SAIL mobile commerce platform only through its ISO, processor and channel partners. VeriFone introduced SAIL in May 2012. The platform targets the same merchant group courted by Square Inc. and PayPal Inc.: small merchants who typically do a limited number of credit or debit card transactions per month.
VeriFone priced SAIL transactions at a flat 2.7 percent of each sale for lower-volume businesses; it offered higher-volume businesses a $9.95 monthly subscription fee that discounted the transaction rate to 1.95 percent. "We have decided to focus exclusively on an indirect distribution channel strategy for providing mobile payment solutions to micro-merchants," Bergeron stated in the conference call.
SAIL's customer acquisition, risk management and customer billing assets will be sold. The financial impact of this divestiture is not yet known.
The SAIL technology
SAIL provides the micro-merchant with a free mobile app and card reader with built-in encryption for secure transactions. The card reader dongle attaches to the ear jack of most mobile devices. The technology is supported on an open platform. Merchants with high volumes and multiple locations can integrate SAIL with VeriFone countertop POS systems that support the Europay/MasterCard/Visa global standard, near field communication, and mobile wallet technologies.
In addition, the SAIL platform includes a mobile software development kit; a secure gateway with end-to-end encryption; real-time fraud screening and boarding; merchant processing and settlement services; and marketing, loyalty and social media tools.
Unprofitable micro-merchant acquiring
Bergeron said VeriFone is changing its SAIL strategy because "our experience through 2012 with tens of thousands of these micro-merchants tells us that the standalone economics of micro-merchant acquiring is fundamentally unprofitable."
The company concluded micro-merchant acquiring is destined to be "a negative gross margin" business. "Customer acquisition costs, industry search engines or TV advertising cannot and will never justify the razor-thin margins produced by merchants with infrequent volumes and extremely high attrition," Bergeron said. "I think you can see evidence of other competitors' similar experience, as they shift their own business models to wallets.
"My belief that the only possible survivors in this fundamentally challenging business model will be companies who might have an opportunity to provide other services to these micro-merchants."
VeriFone spokesman Pete Bartolik said ISOs and other distribution partners see the potential of the mobile payments market and are providing merchants with services that complement payments and help businesses.
Bergeron said VeriFone will help its distribution partners by providing technology and gateway services that will bring them "significant competitive advantages over standalone dongle companies."
Processor says VeriFone had no chance
Bruce Shirey, Senior Vice President of Business Development for the software development and processing services provider eProcessing Network LLC, was not surprised by VeriFone's decision to back out of the small-merchant acquisition business.
Shirey said history shows ISOs prefer to work with a trusted processing services provider "over an industry device vendor who decides to go head-to-head with them for the merchant's processing business. ... The only companies I know who compete successfully with the channel they sell to are the big processors that compete with their own banks for merchant acquisitions."
Shirey believes many resellers are able to operate successfully in the same market VeriFone is abandoning. "Successful resellers have always understood that they cannot be a 'one-trick pony' and are up-selling other value-added services such as business management tools and loyalty programs that enhance the payment processing experience," he said.
Shirey added that the small merchant market has many opportunities for companies that are innovative and quick to adapt. He said it is vital for ISOs to understand merchants will need mobile solutions that are more than just a plug-in device as they replace legacy equipment and software with new devices that support EMV and customer relationship management solutions.
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