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Table of Contents

Lead Story

Non-payment mobile options popular this holiday season

Patti Murphy


Industry Update

Holiday season brings tidings of CNP fraud

Tripwire, Verizon advocate cyber-readiness

California vote bumps pot toward legitimatization

Vantiv growth plans to include Moneris USA


2016 ISV study

Smartphone ecommerce on the rise

Daria Rippingale


Payments are live

Dale S. Laszig
DSL Direct LLC

Biometrics hot at Money20/20

Peggy Bekavac Olson
Strategic Marketing


Street SmartsSM:
Sales as a healing profession

John Tucker
1st Capital Loans LLC

Gateways rising

Adam Atlas
Attorney at Law

The friendly fraudster: Your merchants' worst frenemy

Evi Triantafyllides

Expand your time

Steven Feldshuh
Merchants' Choice Solution East

Company Profile

Digitzs Solutions Inc.

New Products

Personalized, mobile, in-store shopping

Contextual Commerce Platform
OmnyPay Inc.

EMV-certified reader for smartphones, tablets, PCs

Walker C2X


Boundless creativity


Letter from the editors

Readers Speak

Resource Guide


A Bigger Thing

The Green Sheet Online Edition

November 28, 2016  •  Issue 16:11:02

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California vote bumps pot toward legitimatization

The cannabis supply chain hailed California's passage of Proposition 64, an initiative aimed at legalizing adult marijuana use. The ballot measure achieved a 56 percent majority Nov. 8, 2016, prompting state legislators to issue preliminary compliance guidelines for the fledgling cottage industry. The California State Board of Equalization (BOE) immediately exempted some forms of medical marijuana from sales and use tax. Marijuana buyers will pay a 15 percent excise tax beginning Jan. 1, 2017; growers' taxes are in development, the BOE stated.

Marijuana-related businesses must comply with banking, taxation and payment processing laws, which vary by state, according to industry experts. Attorney Kenneth Berke is Chief Executive Officer at PayQwick LLC, a closed-loop processing platform designed to meet California BOE track-and-trace requirements. "PayQwick has solved the banking problem for the legal and medical marijuana business in Washington and Oregon, so it's well tested and ready for the California market," he said. "We combine the functionality of a PayPal-type B2B payment platform with a consumer-based, prepaid point-of-sale payment vehicle that is safe, secure, trackable and traceable."

Expanding government oversight

Cannabis industry stakeholders must also be mindful of guidelines related to the Bank Secrecy Act and Anti-Money Laundering Control Act (BSA), Berke stated. His company has implemented quarterly on-site inspections, transaction tracking and state-appropriate disclosures. As a federally registered Money Services Business in Washington State and money transmitter in Oregon, PayQwick can facilitate automated clearing house funds transfers between merchants and participating banks, thereby reducing problems commonly associated with handling large amounts of cash.

The BSA, introduced by the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency in 1970 and later amended in concert with the USA Patriot Act, is a compliance program designed to standardize recordkeeping and reporting across U.S. and foreign financial institutions. The OCC formally and informally enforces BSA guidelines, notifying the U.S. Department of the Treasury's Financial Crimes Enforcement Network (FinCEN) and Office of Foreign Assets Control of any violations or discrepancies.

FinCEN describes money laundering as the process of making illegally gained proceeds appear legitimate. It typically involves placement, layering and integration of illegal funds by routing money through numerous accounts before making bank deposits.

FinCEN takes a narrow view of most cash businesses due to criminals' reliance on cash for money laundering, drug trafficking and terrorism schemes. This can create a Catch 22 for legitimate marijuana business owners whose high-risk status excludes them from establishing bank accounts and whose reliance on cash makes them highly suspect to government authorities.

Growing support, coalitions

Nate Bradley is Executive Director and co-founder of the California Cannabis Industry Association, a trade association for the state's recreational and medical cannabis industry. "When we founded CCIA four years ago, we were involved in industry outreach programs and wanted to have infrastructure in place for this historic event," he said. "The passage of Prop. 64 will facilitate cannabis innovation, research and development and create millions of jobs in our state."

Bradley noted that the industry's regulatory process affects all facets of financial services and encouraged merchant services providers to join the association. "As a CCIA member, you'll have access to the industry, networking events and panel discussions and the opportunity to make your voice heard in the regulatory process," he said, adding that merchant level salespeople who join the CCIA will find an abundance of advisors and support.

Following is a partial list of resources affiliated with the CCIA:

Notice to readers: These are archived articles. Contact names or information may be out of date. We regret any inconvenience.

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Spotlight Innovators:

North American Bancard | USAePay | Board Studios