GS Logo
The Green Sheet, Inc

Please Log in

A Thing
View Archives

View PDF of this issue

Care to Share?

Table of Contents

Lead Story

All aboard the processing train


Industry Update

Credit card spending increases

Reading the tea leaves on Apple and NFC

Weighing in on alternative payments

Trade Association News


GS Advisory Board:
Game changers for 2011 - Part 2

Salaries in the payments industry

A checklist for advertising effectiveness

Selling Prepaid

Prepaid in brief

Rewards expand with BillShrink

The value of stored-value for ISOs and merchants


Bold steps needed on fraud front

Patti Murphy
The Takoma Group

Retaining merchants during a portfolio acquisition

Daniel Federgreen


Street SmartsSM:
POS systems, yea or nay?

Ken Musante
Eureka Payments LLC

Selling in the digital age

Dale S. Laszig
Castles Technology Co. Ltd.

The decreasing primacy of price

Theodore Svoronos
Merchant University

Referrals: Do you play the numbers game?

Bill Pirtle
MPCT Publishing Co.

Marketing basics

Nicholas Cucci
Network Merchants Inc.

Company Profile

VeriCheck Inc.

New Products

Upward mobility, no strings attached

Pay Anywhere
North American Bancard

An app to cinch the deal

POS Portal Mobile App
POS Portal Inc.


The fine art - and science - of selling


10 Years ago in
The Green Sheet


Resource Guide



2011 Calendar of events

A Bigger Thing

The Green Sheet Online Edition

February 28, 2011  •  Issue 11:02:02

previous next

Referrals: Do you play the numbers game?

By Bill Pirtle

How do you find new prospects for your services - through cold calling, leads, referrals or prospects who contact you? Each involves a numbers game. For example, 20 cold calls may bring you five appointments and ultimately one contract. Leads may yield better percentages, depending on their source.

Prospects that contact you are rare, but their closing rate is usually better. Good referrals have a much better closing rate. Everyone wants referrals. What is the trick to greatly increasing the number of high-quality referrals you receive?

Increasing your referrals

Tim R. Green knows how. He runs the Referral Institute of Michigan (part of BNI founder Ivan Misner's Referral Institute program) and is the author of Set 4 Life: Four Amazingly Simple Steps to Personal, Financial & Referral Marketing Success.

Most merchant level salespeople (MLSs) and other service-oriented people believe they can get referrals simply by providing great service for a fair cost. Green told me this method is actually one of the least effective sources of referrals because clients already expect great service.

I asked Green if people can really predict the number of referrals they will receive. He replied, "Yes, if they take a proactive stance to referral marketing - not a reactive stance. We call this [reactive referral stance] the 'good luck' referral: first of all, good luck if you receive a referral this week, good luck if the person referred to you will talk to you and good luck if you close the referral."

Instead, the Referral Institute teaches you how to take a proactive stance to referrals and not simply rely on good luck. Key to the proactive stance is identifying four referral partners who will provide you with referrals on a continuous basis. The Referral Institute teaches this using its "VCP Process."

Cultivating high-quality referral sources

What is the VCP Process? Green explained, "A referral marketing plan involves relationships of many different kinds. Among the most important are those with your referral partners, with prospects these referral partners bring you and with customers you recruit from the prospects." Green pointed out that the relationships require nurturing through three phases: visibility, credibility and profitability - an approach called the VCP Process.

Green went on to say that the VCP Process "describes the process of creating growth and strengthening of business, professional and personal relationships; it is useful for assessing the status of a relationship and where it fits in the process of getting referrals. It can be used to nurture the growth of an effective and rewarding relationship with a prospective friend, client, co-worker, vendor, colleague or family member.

"Understanding the VCP Process helps eliminate any frustration we might have around the referral process. Have you ever had someone point the finger at another or at a group and say, 'They aren't passing me referrals?' Well, when we point the finger at others, three more are actually pointing back at us. You see, the fact that others are not passing us referrals has nothing to do with them."

Green emphasized the need to take personal responsibility for "moving the relationship from V to C and then from C to P." According to Green, the strategic objectives in the visibility phase are to get your potential referral partners to:

In the credibility phase, the goals are to get your potential referral partners to:

And in the profitability phase, you should strive to get your potential referral partners to:

What are the levels of referrals? Green refers to "10 different shades of referrals." The higher the shade, the easier it is to close the referral. Here's how he describes them:

Where to concentrate your efforts

Is it important to drive your relationships all the way through the VCP Process? Have you wasted or invested your time if all of your relationships stop at V or C? It only counts when you drive your relationships completely through the model, Green said.

What type of referral should you give or receive with the VCP Process? "We recommend that you receive and pass only shade [level] seven referrals or higher," Green said. "Any shade below shade seven will make it very difficult to actually talk with the person referred to you."

Which source of referrals is the best for salespeople? "The absolute best referral partner you work with is one of your contact spheres," Green noted. A contact sphere is an individual or business that has the same target market you have but is not your competitor, Green pointed out.

For the MLS, this can include accountants, web developers, phone system suppliers, bookkeepers, office supply representatives and many others. Green recommended that you begin with just four partners in the VCP Process and get to know them well.

His seminars on the VCP Process drive home the fact that both partners must see the profitability of new referrals or the relationship won't last.

Bill Pirtle is the President of MPCT Publishing Co. and author of Navigating Through the Risks of Credit Card Processing. He is also a merchant level salesperson for Clearent LLC, Electronic Payments Inc. and Electronic Merchant Systems Inc. Bill's website is, and his email address is He welcomes all connections on Facebook and LinkedIn.

Notice to readers: These are archived articles. Contact names or information may be out of date. We regret any inconvenience.

previous next

Spotlight Innovators:

North American Bancard | Simpay | USAePay | Impact Paysystems | Board Studios