GS Logo
The Green Sheet, Inc

Please Log in

A Thing
View Archives

View PDF of this issue

Care to Share?

Table of Contents

Lead Story

PCI: Is it working?


Industry Update

FACTA shatters credit, debit card myths

Frontier takes nose dive

Diners Club on Discover's menu

Wish for dying kids takes flight


Interchange fees and ATM usage

Travis K. Kircher

PCI Timeline

Industry Leader

Anna Solomon –
Parent, president, payments advocate


Going green ain't always cheap

Patti Murphy
The Takoma Group

IP yea, dial-up nay

Scott Henry

Smack those hackers down

Ben Goretsky
USA ePay


Street SmartsSM:
Go from middlin' to marvelous

Jason Felts
Advanced Merchant Services

Factors of FACTA compliance

David Mertz
Compliance Security Partners LLC

POS hardware: Lemon or dream machine?

Dale S. Laszig
DSL Direct LLC

Marketing in compliance

Nancy Drexler

Strategizing for ISO growth

Lane Gordon

Company Profile

U.S. Merchant Systems

New Products

Cut out the transaction fat

Slim CD
Company: Slim CD Inc.

Customer stickiness with a single swipe

Company: Chockstone Inc.


MLS reloaded



Resource Guide


A Bigger Thing

The Green Sheet Online Edition

April 28, 2008  •  Issue 08:04:02

previous next

Insider's Report on Payments
Going green ain't always cheap

By Patti Murphy

It's the end of April. Another Earth Day has come and gone, and a group of banks and other organizations decided the time was ripe to push electronic bills and payments as eco-friendly. It's a great idea. The only problem is pricing for electronic payments doesn't always seem to make sense.

I discovered this the hard way, when a rather small payment I was due from an overseas client arrived at my bank as a wire transfer and the bank assessed me a $30 acceptance fee.

Now, of course, the bank is not entirely to blame. I mean, what company uses an international wire transfer system to send out a payment for a few hundred dollars? An automated clearing house (ACH) payment would have been less expensive and probably would not have cost me a penny. Heck, it might have even been less costly to pay an international express delivery charge for a check.

I bring up this example because it represents what I perceive as a disconnect between the rhetoric about electronic payments and the reality of electronic payments.

Where's the incentive?

If consumers and businesses are to be swayed to use electronic payments instead of checks, there needs to be a monetary incentive and a clear understanding of what's involved.

For example, if the payment amount is relatively small ($1,000 or less), an ACH payment would be more practical than a wire transfer. Even a credit or debit card payment would be a better option.

Wire transfers are intended for large dollar transactions, which tend to be riskier for banks to handle, hence the high cost of acceptance.

According to the latest data from the Federal Reserve, however, businesses these days represent nearly 40 percent of all check writers and 72 percent of all payees.

In a report released in March 2008, the Fed also stated that payments from consumers to businesses represented nearly half of all checks written in 2006, the most recent year for which data is available.

That report, the second installment of the 2007 Federal Reserve Payments Study, details the composition of the check market based on a sample of nine large financial institutions.

George Thomas, founder of Radix Consulting Corp., is a big proponent of using ACH for business to business (B2B) payments. A former executive at The Clearing House Payments Co., which operates the chip wire transfer system as well as an ACH processor and SVPCo., he worked for years to promote B2B applications. "If we ever want to see businesses move away from checks, it will take strong leadership from the industry," Thomas said in an e-mail.

Why go paperless?

PayItGreen Alliance, an initiative launched earlier this year by NACHA - the Electronic Payments Association, appeared to take one step in the direction of a paperless society.

NACHA has brought together an alliance of financial services companies and billers to help educate consumers about the environmental and financial benefits of letting go of the paper in their lives and embracing electronic bills, statements and payments.

According to a study commissioned by the alliance, if one in five households went paperless, the collective impact would annually save 151 million pounds of paper, avoid filling 8.6 million household garbage bags with waste and save 2 million tons of greenhouse gas emissions from polluting the environment.

The study, performed by McLean, Va.-based technology consulting firm Project Performance Corp., revealed that the average household receives about 19 bills and statements and makes approximately seven payments by check each month.

Collectively, the production and transportation of those paper documents consume 755 million pounds of paper, 9 million trees and 512 million gallons of gasoline, the firm estimated.

"Turning off the paper and managing your finances electronically may seem like a small action, but it can have a big environmental impact," said Stuart Williams, Director of Payment Services for CheckFree and co-chair of the alliance.

"If 20 percent of households switched to electronic bills, statements and payments, we would save enough gasoline annually to drive from New York to Los Angeles and back 918 times and preserve more than 12,000 acres of land from deforestation," Williams said. In addition to CheckFree, other PayItGreen participants include AT&T Inc., Bank of America Corp., Citigroup Inc., Consolidated Edison Inc., the Federal Reserve banks, JPMorgan Chase & Co., U.S. Bancorp, Wachovia Corp. and Wells Fargo & Co.

Drawing on earlier studies, the alliance has come up with some compelling messages to help financial institutions and billers move consumers away from paper. Here's a sampling:

Spotlight Innovators:

North American Bancard | Simpay | USAePay | Impact Paysystems | Board Studios